The Emirate of Ajman, located on the western coast of United Arab Emirates was formed by the Al Nuaim tribe, well known for their bravery, courage and wisdom who migrated to this region from Oman around 1775.

The economy of Ajman in the past was mainly based on its strong maritime tradition - fishing and trade, though the wise Rulers always encouraged various other allied activities such as shipbuilding, pearl diving and trading. Its dhow building yard is the largest in the Emirates and continues to operate despite being dwarfed by modern developments such as the major dockyard.

The modern era in Ajman began with H.H. Late Sheikh Rashid Bin Humaid Al Nuaimi who initiated various structural changes in the administrative network introducing scientific methodology. He played a pivotal role in the formation of the Federation of the Emirates.

The implementation of all his ideas were left to the then Crown Prince H.H. Sheikh Humaid Bin Rashid Al Nuaimi who succeeded his father in 1981 assuming full charge of the transformation of Ajman to a modern emirate, well equipped with all the necessary facilities and services.

Today, Ajman is witnessing a flurry of construction activities in the industrial areas, the port and Al Zawra, which is an indication and reflection of spectacular economic growth in the emirate. Despite the absence of oil, Ajman continues to develop its infrastructure and broaden its economic base.


Ajman, covering 260 square kilometres and 16 kilometres of coastline is located between Sharjah and Umm-Al-Quwain with its landward border comprising entirely of Sharjah. Ajman mainly consists of the town and land surrounding the port immediately north of Sharjah. In addition it has two small enclaves in the mountains: Masfout, an agricultural area 110 km to the North West and Manama 60 km to the West. The total area of Ajman is 600 square kilometres including the regional waters.


The climate in Ajman is moderate as the temperature is warm and the humidity is high in summer and in winter the temperature may reach 25˚C. The weather in Ajman varies because it has three topographically different geographical regions according to its distance from the coast of the Gulf.


The population of Ajman was 118,812 at the last census conducted during 1995 recording a growth of 84% from the population of 64,318 at the census conducted in 1985.


The economic characteristic of the Emirate has gone through a distinct change by its eminently successful shift of focus from maritime activities to industries. Massive upsurge in the construction activity in Ajman is an indicator of impressive growth in commerce and industrial activities which are largely export oriented.